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The Palace Museum, popularly known as the Forbidden City


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Old 02-20-2013, 11:29 AM
anhjackson anhjackson is offline
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Default The Palace Museum, popularly known as the Forbidden City

The Palace Museum, popularly known as the Forbidden City, was commissioned by the third Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Yong Le. The palace was built from 1406 to 1420. This is the former Imperial palace from which twenty-four emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties ruled China for some 500 years-from 1420 to 1911.

Located in the center of Beijing, the entire palace area, rectangular in shape and 72 hectares in size, is surrounded by walls ten meters high and a moat 52 meters wide. The main buildings, the six great halls, one following the other, are set facing south along the central north-sourth axis from the Meridian Gate, the south entrance, to Shenwumen, the great gate piercing in the north wall. The palace area is divied into two parts: the Outer Court and the Inner Palace. the former consists of the first three main halls, where the emperor received his courtiers and conducted grand ceremonies, while the latter was the living quarters for the imperial residence. At the rear of the Inner Palace is the Imperial Garden where the emperor and his family sought recreation. The Hall of Supreme Harmony, rectangular in shape, 27 meters in height, 2300 square meters in area, is the grandest and most important hall in the Palace complex. It is also China's largest exisiting palace of the wood structure and an outstanding example of brilliant colour combinations. This hall used to be the throne hall for ceremonies which marked great occasions.
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